Tuesday October 8, 2002 11:56AMon
In 1976 he purchased RUGOSA (shown at left), winner of the 1928 Bermuda Race, and began a long restoration. In 2001 he sailed her to Cowes to race in the 150th Americas Cup Jubilee, where RUGOSA won first place in the Vintage Yacht Class. His slide presentation will cover the Herreshoff story, the transatlantic trip, and the Americas Cup Jubilee.
The event will be co-sponsored by SunTrust. There will be no specific entry fee, other than a requested voluntary tax-free donation to benefit the Museum.
Halsey Herreshoff has been crew on 4 different 12 meters in the America's Cup and is currently director of the Herreshoff Marine Museum and the America's Cup Hall of Fame. The museum is located in Bristol, RI, at the former home of the Herreshoff Manufacturing Company. From 1863 to 1945 they made all sorts of boats, including the world's finest yachts, the first United States Navy torpedo boats, and a record eight consecutive successful defenders of the America's Cup.
The Herreshoff Marine Museum/America’s Cup Hall of Fame
The Herreshoff Marine Museum bordering Narragansett Bay is arguably Rhode Island’s most important maritime historic site. From 1863 to 1945, the Herreshoff Manufacturing Company produced the world's finest yachts, the first United States Navy torpedo boats, and a record eight consecutive successful defenders of the America's Cup. Rhode Island’s oldest boat SPRITE (also the oldest catboat in the US) and RELIANCE, the largest America’s Cup boat ever built and featured on the Rhode Island State Quarter, were Herreshoff designs.
The Herreshoff Marine Museum / America's Cup Hall of Fame celebrates the unique accomplishments of the Herreshoff Family and the related drama of the America's Cup races, for the education and inspiration of members and visitors from around the world.
From 1863 to 1945, the Herreshoff
Manufacturing Company, on the site of the present day Museum, produced the
world's finest yachts on the cutting edge of design and engineering. The
genius of naval architect Captain Nathanael Greene Herreshoff along with the
business acumen of his blind older brother John Brown Herreshoff truly built
the "better mouse trap" for which the world beat a path to
This record includes the design and building of the first United States Navy torpedo boats, the finest lightweight steam machinery, pioneering fin-keel spade-rudder boats in the 1890s, innovations in boat and yacht fittings, mammoth schooner yachts and the principal One-Design racers of the New York Yacht Club. Their most legendary accomplishment was the construction of eight consecutive successful defenders of the America's Cup from 1893 to 1934.
The America’s Cup Hall of Fame brings alive the history of the America’s Cup, tracing advances made in the design, construction and sailing in Cup competition, while providing permanent recognition to those who demonstrated outstanding performance and sportsmanship.
Museum activities include presentation of an extensive collection, educational programs for adults and youth, a boat restoration program, research and scholarship, outreach programs and community events.
Nathanael Greene Herreshoff (NGH) designed six AC boats (5 defended successfully. COLUMBIA beat out CONSTITUTION to challenge SHAMROCK II in 1901 ). The Herreshoff Manufacturing Company (HMC) built 8 AC boats.
3. 1893‑1903: The great 90‑footers:
1893 VIGILANT vs. VALKYRIE II (Nathanael Greene Herreshoff designed and the Herreshoff Manufacturing Company built VIGILANT)
1895 DEFENDER vs. VALKYRIE III (NGH designed and HMC built DEFENDER)
1899 COLUMBIA vs. SHAMROCK (NGH designed and HMC built COLUMBIA)
1901 COLUMBIA vs. SHAMROCK II (NGH designed and HMC built CONSTITUTION in 1901)
1903 RELIANCE vs. SHAMROCK III(NGH designed and HMC built RELIANCE)
1920‑1934: The Universal Rule and J boats:
1920 RESOLUTE vs. SHAMROCK IV (NGH designed and HMC built RESOLUTE)
1930 ENTERPRISE vs. SHAMROCK V (HMC built ENTERPRISE)
1934 RAINBOW vs. ENDEAVOR (HMC built RAINBOW)
THE FOLLOWING WAS TEXT WRITTEN BY HALSEY ON THE HISTORY OF THE AC. THIS PIECE PERTAINS TO THE "HERRESHOFF ERA"
The great 90‑Footers: 1893‑1903
Ninety feet waterline length‑these were the largest and most impressive of all the America's Cup yachts. Author John Rousmaniere calls this time the "Herreshoff era" as all the defenders were designed by Captain Nathanael Greene Herreshoff and were constructed at the Herreshoff Manufacturing Company in Bristol, Rhode Island. Following the untimely death of his contemporary friend Edward Burgess, Herreshoff was the natural heir to the privilege of designing America's defenders. This followed from his demonstrable success in the early sloop SHADOW in Massachusetts Bay competition and the breakthrough designs of two 46‑ft‑class yachts GLORIANA and WASP that revolutionized the conventions of sailing yacht design during the seasons of 1891 and 1892.
M.I.T.‑ trained and the first to apply real engineering methods to the art of yacht design, Nat Herreshoff possessed an uncanny instinct for rapid execution of revolutionary innovation in his chosen field. Interestingly enough, he might very well never have become a designer of sailing yachts given his early fascination and genius for design of lightweight steam machinery. Fortunately, Nat's older brother John was a highly ambitious businessman determined to build the world's best yachts; the brothers made a remarkable partnership: one running the business and the other doing all the designing, engineering and construction supervision.
VIGILANT (1893), DEFENDER (1895), and COLUMBIA (1899 and 1901) were all Herreshoff creations. RELIANCE followed on the heels of their success, forming a classic example of the fact that in most yacht development classes the successful boats get progressively bigger, heavier and more powerful (also true of the yachts of the 1870s and 80s, of the J Class, but not of the 12‑Meter class.)
RELIANCE was a powerful giant of a yacht with innumerable innovations of considerable interest (she appears on back of the new Rhode Island State Quarter and serves as the Museum logo.) She completely outclassed all comers and won the Cup decisively. RELIANCE was a magnificent climax to that outstanding era of 90‑Footers; however, she also exemplified the trend to ever more extreme, costly and even dangerous yachts developing under the pressure to exploit the rating rule to the limit. Thus followed a more modest and saner type of boat under the Universal Rule developed by N. G. Herreshoff, RELIANCE's designer.
Arguably the greatest and most interesting of all Cup yachts, RELIANCE had a short career, being broken up soon after she so demonstrably fulfilled her mission of defending the Cup. What a great pity she was not preserved for our direct admiration today.